Roman Numerals


Roman Numerals is considered to be a complex topic in the subject mathematics. It is a topic that has is language based and is a number system that was originated in ancient Rome. There are symbols used in a system of numerical notation based on the ancient Roman system. The system has numbers that are represented by the combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Generally, students considered it to be a different language that needs special attention and learning. To understand the topic the students need to have an understanding of a different language. Moreover, it is also necessary for students to understand that the intricacy of this language is different than the usual topics and thus it requires more attention and consistency.


Firstly, a student has to gain an understanding of the topic, then its history, brief, modern take on the topic, examples, chart and all the information that will help the students in knowing the topic in a better way. However, students do not pay much attention to all these details, which is the reason that they have a difficult time in understanding the topic.

Roman Numerals Introduction

Roman Numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and is known to have the usual way of writing numbers throughout. In the Roman Numbers system the numbers are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Basically, Roman Numbers are known to be any of the symbols used in a system of numerical notation based on the ancient Roman system. Each number is represented with a symbol i.e. 1 is for I, 5 is for V, 10 is for X, and so on… A symbol placed which is placed after another of equal or greater value add its value; eg. 2 = II or LX = 60. If a symbol placed before one of its greater value, for eg: IV =4, XL = 40, and CD = 400. It is an interesting method of writing numbers that date back as far as 800 B.C.

It is also known as that the Roman Numbers were originated, so that the Romans could easily price different goods and services. The Roman numbers were widely used across the Roman Empire in day-to-day activities. Roman Numbers are majorly represented by 7 different numbers that are I, V, X, L, C, D, and M. Further, these 7 letters are used to make thousands of numbers. They are usually written from the largest to smallest from left to right. There is also a theory added to the Roman Numerals, which is that the Romans did not like four of the same numerals written in a row, so they developed a system of subtraction. In the modern times, Roman Numerals are used to refer the Kings and queens, emperors and popes.

Roman Numerals are used in representing various fields such as Kings, Queens, Popes, Olympic games, or Super Bowl. So, you can see the use of Roman Numerals at many places across the globe even today. This is one of the main reasons why it is considered to be an important topic even in the schools and institutions and is an important topic to have an understanding in the mathematic topic. It can be found in other places as well, which can also be understood, if you have a basic understanding of the topic. Furthermore, students also need to understand there are four basic principles needed to understand and learn Roman Numerals. These principles help later in writing the Roman Numerals in the way they need to be written and used in the topic.

Some Examples of Roman Numerals

There are many examples detailed out to understand how the Roman Numerals are written and used. So, here are some examples listed out to understand the Roman Numerals in a better way.


Examples of Roman Numerals

I = 1

V = 5

X = 10

L = 50

C = 100

D = 500

M = 1000

To understand some more numbers

II = 2

LX = 60

IV = 4

XL = 40

CD = 400

Roman Numerals Chart

The Roman Numerals Chart will help in understanding the students of the way it is written and represented. Here is Roman Numerals chart outlined for you to understand the topic in a better way. So, you can have a look the outlined Roman Numerals chart.

Roman Numerals Symbols - Facts & Origins

The Numeral system was developed by the Romans and was used by the Europeans mostly for nearly 18000 years. The system for representing numbers was developed around 1500 B.C.

Romans at that time had conquered the entire world and they also knew that their Roman numeral system was spread all across the Europe. However, primarily they were used for representing centuries, kings, queens and popes. There is also a theory around the Roman Numerals that suggest that the origin of Roman Numbers happen based on the numerals that represents the hand signals. There are many other theories around the Roman Numerals that suggest different stories of how it originated and have different facts surrounding it. Roman Numerals were also used in the middle ages in documents and inscriptions from the middle ages. It also includes additional symbols, which today are known as the medieval Roman Numerals.

How to Read roman numerals

The Roman numbers are formed by combining various letters and finding the sum of those values. The Numerals are placed from left to right, and the order of the numerals determines whether you have to add it or subtract the values. If one or more letters are placed after a letter of a greater value, then it means that you have to perform addition. If a letter is placed before a letter of greater value, then it means that you will have to perform subtraction.

There are many other rules that are related to Roman Numerals, which are:

  • You do not have to use the same symbol more than 3 times in a row.

  • If you have to subtract amounts, only powers of 10 are subtracted.

  • Also, only one number can be subtracted from another.

  • You can also subtract a number from one that is 10 times greater than the other number.

So, now that you know the essential aspects of reading Roman Numerals, it will not be difficult to understand how you can easily read this language and understand it.

List of Roman Numerals

Furthermore, to help in gaining a deep understanding about the Roman Numerals language, you also need to understand the list of Roman Numerals. So, here is the list of Roman Numerals that you can easily have a look and read.

It is clear that Roman Numerals are an important topic in the subject mathematics. From the article above it is also clear that why a student does needs to understand, read and know the importance of the topic. It is considered to be an important topic of the subject and contains a good number of score that a student needs to get when they are performing a task or sitting for exams. So, understanding the topic, knowing its complete history, hos it is written or how it is read are also the important sub-topics that a student needs to have an understanding at the initial level of schooling. It will help them in making their learning and writing capacity stronger.

So, it is important as a parent/teacher to help the child understand all the basic topics of the main topic to be understood in a way that it will not only leave an impact on them, but will also make it a fun exercise for them. Students on the other hand also need to understand that why it is important for them to know about Roman Numbers and how it will help them not only in scoring good marks but will also develop their ability of understanding a different language altogether. It is an important aspect of the schooling stage where children can learn and grasp new things, activities and languages in a better way than the later and developed stages.

In the era of internet there are many options available where teaching kids can be fun and interesting exercise. You can even make them perform various tasks on a daily basis. So, now that you are completely aware about the importance of Roman Numbers, there complete history and writing and reading process it is important that you convey the same to your child/students in a way they will easily understand and remember.

For students it is important to understand the importance of getting this language and how this will help them in later life too. With the help of the internet all the information is available at the site and can be accessed anytime and from anywhere. So, know all about Roman Numerals just in a click.